Extreme sports are often considered a "no-no" for pregnant women, but a pregnant skydiver who was unaware of her condition brought high-risk sporting while pregnant into the spotlight.
Pregnant Skydiver Survives Fall
During a solo dive in 2005, Shayna Richardson experienced a malfunction with her main and reserve parachutes. Landing face-first onto a parking lot going approximately 50 miles per hour, she was severely injured, but alive. While undergoing facial surgery, doctors discovered she was pregnant. People magazine reports that she would not have dived if she had known about the pregnancy, saying:
Despite needing several surgeries and having a broken pelvis, Richardson (now married to Rick West) gave birth to a baby boy on June 17, 2006. Debate over whether or not the accident was caused by human error or malfunction occurred after the incident.
Jumping a Round: Pregnant Diving Pros and Cons
Research on extreme sporting activities as exercise is slim to none. Most doctors recommend that pregnant women do not engage in these high risk activities. Leanne Critchley presented a report she compiled called Pregnancy & Skydiving at the Skysister's United Women's Skydiving Event in Australia in 2005. Information relating to this presentation was cited in an article by Wendi Rogers called Jumping a Round.
Rogers gathered stories from real women who continued to skydive into their pregnancies, along with views from doctors. Based on the article, women who want to consider jumping while pregnant should consider the following questions:
- How far along is my pregnancy?
- Am I an experienced skydiver?
- Do I have other medical conditions that would complicate a dive?
- Have I maintained my physical fitness throughout my pregnancy?
- Does my doctor have valid concerns regarding jumping or lack of jumping?
Concerns over pregnant skydiving were also brought up in this report. One of the biggest concerns was whether or not a woman would blame herself if she continued to dive and something happened. If a woman has any doubt about being able to handle any possible consequences from a less-than-perfect dive, she should consider abstaining until the end of her pregnancy. Other concerns over continuing to skydive included:
- Lack of research into short term fetus exposure to high altitudes with less oxygen
- Changes in balance that occur during pregnancy
- Joint and ligaments loosening during pregnancy
- Correctly adjusting equipment to accommodate pregnancy
- Poor landings during the 2nd or 3rd trimester, when the baby is less protected by the mother's body
Although the report provides a number of positive stories relating to pregnant skydiving, women should always discuss any pregnancy exercise with their doctors. The opportunities to dive will still be available after the baby is born, so if a pregnant woman or her doctor has any qualms about diving, she should consider quitting until after birth and postpartum recovery.
Pregnancy and Extreme Sports
While a number of women continue to engage in extreme sports activity while they are pregnant, it really is not a good idea for most. Sporting activities like bungee jumping, skydiving, or ski-jumping carry the risk of falling. The baby itself may be protected during a fall, but impact may cause an abruption of the placenta from the uterus.
Skydiving schools and other extreme sporting centers often have regulations regarding allowing a pregnant woman to jump. For example, the Grand Bend Sport Parachuting Center recommends waiting a few months after giving birth before resuming (or starting) diving to give the mother's body a chance to recover. Additionally, they state that a woman more than a few weeks along in her pregnancy should not jump.
To stay in shape, doctors often recommend yoga, walking, and swimming as healthy ways to have a fit pregnancy. Women concerned about weight gain can also follow diet and nutrition guidelines.
Shayna Richardson (West) was a pregnant skydiver who not only lived through her free fall, but gave birth to a son several months later. Women who know they are pregnant should weigh the pros and cons, along with the risks to themselves and their unborn children, with their significant others and doctors to make an informed decision before continuing with the sport.