Signs and Symptoms of a Tubal Pregnancy

Reviewed by Terri Forehand RN
Tubal Pregnancy
Untreated tubal pregnancies affect reproductive health

Detecting tubal pregnancy, also known a ectopic pregnancy, early makes complications less likely, so awareness of the symptoms is essential. According to MedicineNet, symptoms of tubal pregnancy may arise about six to eight weeks after your last missed period, although in some cases it may be later depending on where the blastocyst implants.

Normal Pregnancy Symptoms

According to Mayo Clinic in its earliest stages, ectopic pregnancy is likely to present just like any other early pregnancy. You may experience these normal early pregnancy symptoms including a positive pregnancy test. These symptoms can alert you that you are pregnant, but they do not allow you to differentiate between a normal and tubal pregnancy. As the pregnancy progresses, however, other symptoms may occur.

Vaginal Bleeding

Approximately 10 percent of all women experience vaginal bleeding during their pregnancy. While this may be a normal occurrence, such as in the case of implantation bleeding, it could also signal something is wrong, such as ectopic pregnancy. During tubal pregnancy, vaginal bleeding may appear abnormal. It may be heavier, brighter red, darker, or less viscous than normal menstrual blood. It may also come and go intermittently or flow continuously. In general, bleeding associated with ectopic pregnancy will occur six weeks or longer after your last normal period. If abnormal bleeding occurs, or you experience it along with other symptoms of tubal pregnancy, seek emergency medical care.

Pain

Many pregnant women experience pain similar to menstrual cramps in the early stages of pregnancy. This cramping is almost never worse than your normal period cramping. While cramps may indicate ectopic pregnancy, according to BabyCenter, certain types of pain may be more likely to indicate you are experiencing a tubal pregnancy and need immediate medical attention:

  • Sharp, stabbing pain in the lower back, or side-upper abdomen
  • Pelvic heaviness or discomfort that occurs intermittently, consistently, or when you are coughing or having a bowel movement
  • One-sided pain in your pelvic or abdominal region
  • Shoulder pain, particularly when you lie down
  • Sudden onset, severe, and/or persistent pain
  • Cramping that is more severe than your normal period cramps
  • Pain or cramping associated with bleeding or other signs of ectopic pregnancy

Signs of Blood Loss

During tubal pregnancy, you may experience weakness, dizziness, drops in blood pressure, or episodes of nearly fainting. These can all indicate internal bleeding associated with tubal rupture.

Shock

Signs of shock indicate a medical emergency and are common during a fallopian rupture associated with tubal pregnancy. Call 9-1-1 immediately if you experience the following:

  • Clammy skin
  • Racing, weak pulse
  • Pale or ashen complexion
  • Rapid drop in blood pressure
  • Loss of mental alertness or confusion

Other Symptoms

You also may experience other symptoms including the following:

  • Intense rectal pressure
  • Bowel or bladder issues
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • A sense something is not right

Not all women experience the same symptoms of tubal pregnancy. You know what is normal for your body. If you suspect something is not normal, see your doctor or seek medical treatment, because ectopic pregnancy rupture is a medical emergency.

Risk Factors

According to Togas Tulandi, MD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at McGill University, the condition is the leading cause of maternal death, accounting for four to ten percent of all pregnancy-related deaths. Approximately two percent of early pregnancies are ectopic. Knowing who is at risk for ectopic pregnancy is a valuable tool for assessing symptoms associated with tubal pregnancy. If you experience the above symptoms and have any of the following risk factors, seek immediate medical attention:

  • A history of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Previous abdominal surgery
  • Previous ectopic pregnancy
  • Currently using some form of birth control, such as IUD, tubal ligation or birth control pills
  • Reversal of a tubal ligation
  • You are 35 or older
  • You have experienced fertility problems

Seek Immediate Treatment

Tubal pregnancies cannot go full term. The further the pregnancy progresses, the more the likelihood of rupture and internal bleeding rises. Without prompt treatment, you can lose an ovary, need a hysterectomy, or go into shock and die. Therefore, tubal pregnancy is an emergency requiring immediate medical care. If you suspect ectopic pregnancy, contact your doctor right away. If you suspect rupture, call 9-1-1.

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Signs and Symptoms of a Tubal Pregnancy