Home pregnancy tests are pretty good. The manufacturers say that they're over 99% accurate if used correctly. That means following the directions in terms of timing, use of the kit, and how long to wait for the results.
But, even with a 99% accuracy rate, one person out of a hundred will get an incorrect result. Doing the test on the first day of your missed period reduces the accuracy to only 80 to 90%. It's a good idea to wait a week and then test again.
Getting a Pregnancy Test False Positive
Why would the test say that HCG is present if it's not really there? There are several possible reasons.
It may be that the test did not work properly or that you misunderstood the results. Some tests are easier to read than others. If you want to be really certain that your test is positive, try purchasing two different brands and using one of each.
Impurities in the Sample
Soap or detergent can cause a false positive. If your test requires you to collect your urine in a cup, make sure that the cup is clean. Cups that come packaged in test kits should be fine. But, if for some reason you've needed to wash the cup, make sure there is no detergent left behind. Blood in the urine, due to kidney disease or a bladder infection, can also cause a positive result.
Certain prescription drugs can cause a pregnancy test false positive. They include:
- Anti-Parkinson's medicines
- Some tranquilizers
- Some diuretics
If the test is clearly positive but you don't seem to be having a normal pregnancy, it's possible that the HCG is coming from a tumor. It's not common, but women can develop tumors in the reproductive tract that make HCG. These include trophoblastic disease and germ cell tumors. Both have a good cure rate if they are discovered early.
Trophoblastic tumors form when something goes wrong with the fertilization of an egg by a sperm. Instead of growing into a baby, the egg grows abnormally and becomes a tumor. Symptoms include vaginal bleeding during an apparent pregnancy, abdominal growth that happens faster than in a normal pregnancy, and severe vomiting that's worse than normal "morning sickness." There are only about 3,000 cases of trophoblastic disease per year in the United States.
Germ cell tumors form from unfertilized eggs in a woman's ovaries. Germ cell tumors often have no symptoms until they are advanced. Abnormal swelling of the abdomen is one possible sign. These tumors are rare, but it's important to get checked if you're concerned.
Checking With a Doctor
No matter how carefully you do the test, it's always possible to get a pregnancy test false positive. If your home test says you're pregnant, your very next step should be to call your doctor for an appointment. He/she will verify the result and, if you're really pregnant, get you started on prenatal care.